Parallel coordinates

In this example, we illustrate the use of the ParallelCoordinates plot on the Sobieski’s SSBJ problem.

from __future__ import division, unicode_literals

from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

Import

The first step is to import some functions from the API and a method to get the design space.

from gemseo.api import configure_logger, create_discipline, create_scenario
from gemseo.problems.sobieski.core import SobieskiProblem

configure_logger()

Out:

<RootLogger root (INFO)>

Description

The ParallelCoordinates post-processing builds parallel coordinates plots among design variables, outputs functions and constraints.

The ParallelCoordinates portrays the design variables history during the scenario execution. Each vertical coordinate is dedicated to a design variable, normalized by its bounds.

A polyline joins all components of a given design vector and is colored by objective function values. This highlights the correlations between the values of the design variables and the values of the objective function.

Create disciplines

At this point, we instantiate the disciplines of Sobieski’s SSBJ problem: Propulsion, Aerodynamics, Structure and Mission

disciplines = create_discipline(
    [
        "SobieskiPropulsion",
        "SobieskiAerodynamics",
        "SobieskiStructure",
        "SobieskiMission",
    ]
)

Create design space

We also read the design space from the SobieskiProblem.

design_space = SobieskiProblem().read_design_space()

Create and execute scenario

The next step is to build an MDO scenario in order to maximize the range, encoded ‘y_4’, with respect to the design parameters, while satisfying the inequality constraints ‘g_1’, ‘g_2’ and ‘g_3’. We can use the MDF formulation, the SLSQP optimization algorithm and a maximum number of iterations equal to 100.

scenario = create_scenario(
    disciplines,
    formulation="MDF",
    objective_name="y_4",
    maximize_objective=True,
    design_space=design_space,
)
scenario.set_differentiation_method("user")
for constraint in ["g_1", "g_2", "g_3"]:
    scenario.add_constraint(constraint, "ineq")
scenario.execute({"algo": "SLSQP", "max_iter": 10})

Out:

    INFO - 14:41:58:
    INFO - 14:41:58: *** Start MDO Scenario execution ***
    INFO - 14:41:58: MDOScenario
    INFO - 14:41:58:    Disciplines: SobieskiPropulsion SobieskiAerodynamics SobieskiStructure SobieskiMission
    INFO - 14:41:58:    MDOFormulation: MDF
    INFO - 14:41:58:    Algorithm: SLSQP
    INFO - 14:41:58: Optimization problem:
    INFO - 14:41:58:    Minimize: -y_4(x_shared, x_1, x_2, x_3)
    INFO - 14:41:58:    With respect to: x_shared, x_1, x_2, x_3
    INFO - 14:41:58:    Subject to constraints:
    INFO - 14:41:58:       g_1(x_shared, x_1, x_2, x_3) <= 0.0
    INFO - 14:41:58:       g_2(x_shared, x_1, x_2, x_3) <= 0.0
    INFO - 14:41:58:       g_3(x_shared, x_1, x_2, x_3) <= 0.0
    INFO - 14:41:58: Design space:
    INFO - 14:41:58: +----------+-------------+-------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:58: | name     | lower_bound | value | upper_bound | type  |
    INFO - 14:41:58: +----------+-------------+-------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |     0.01    |  0.05 |     0.09    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |    30000    | 45000 |    60000    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |     1.4     |  1.6  |     1.8     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |     2.5     |  5.5  |     8.5     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |      40     |   55  |      70     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_shared |     500     |  1000 |     1500    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_1      |     0.1     |  0.25 |     0.4     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_1      |     0.75    |   1   |     1.25    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_2      |     0.75    |   1   |     1.25    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: | x_3      |     0.1     |  0.5  |      1      | float |
    INFO - 14:41:58: +----------+-------------+-------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:58: Optimization:   0%|          | 0/10 [00:00<?, ?it]
/home/docs/checkouts/readthedocs.org/user_builds/gemseo/conda/stable/lib/python3.8/site-packages/scipy/sparse/linalg/dsolve/linsolve.py:407: SparseEfficiencyWarning: splu requires CSC matrix format
  warn('splu requires CSC matrix format', SparseEfficiencyWarning)
    INFO - 14:41:58: Optimization:  20%|██        | 2/10 [00:00<00:00, 53.05 it/sec, obj=2.12e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization:  40%|████      | 4/10 [00:00<00:00, 21.22 it/sec, obj=3.97e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization:  50%|█████     | 5/10 [00:00<00:00, 16.52 it/sec, obj=3.96e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization:  60%|██████    | 6/10 [00:00<00:00, 13.53 it/sec, obj=3.96e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization:  70%|███████   | 7/10 [00:00<00:00, 11.46 it/sec, obj=3.96e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization:  90%|█████████ | 9/10 [00:01<00:00,  9.79 it/sec, obj=3.96e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization: 100%|██████████| 10/10 [00:01<00:00,  9.11 it/sec, obj=3.96e+3]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimization result:
    INFO - 14:41:59: Objective value = 3963.595455433326
    INFO - 14:41:59: The result is feasible.
    INFO - 14:41:59: Status: None
    INFO - 14:41:59: Optimizer message: Maximum number of iterations reached. GEMSEO Stopped the driver
    INFO - 14:41:59: Number of calls to the objective function by the optimizer: 12
    INFO - 14:41:59: Constraints values:
    INFO - 14:41:59:    g_1 = [-0.01814919 -0.03340982 -0.04429875 -0.05187486 -0.05736009 -0.13720854
    INFO - 14:41:59:  -0.10279146]
    INFO - 14:41:59:    g_2 = 3.236261671801799e-05
    INFO - 14:41:59:    g_3 = [-7.67067574e-01 -2.32932426e-01 -9.19662628e-05 -1.83255000e-01]
    INFO - 14:41:59: Design space:
    INFO - 14:41:59: +----------+-------------+--------------------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:59: | name     | lower_bound |       value        | upper_bound | type  |
    INFO - 14:41:59: +----------+-------------+--------------------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |     0.01    | 0.0600080906541795 |     0.09    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |    30000    |       60000        |    60000    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |     1.4     |        1.4         |     1.8     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |     2.5     |        2.5         |     8.5     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |      40     |         70         |      70     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_shared |     500     |        1500        |     1500    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_1      |     0.1     | 0.3999993439500847 |     0.4     | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_1      |     0.75    |        0.75        |     1.25    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_2      |     0.75    |        0.75        |     1.25    | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: | x_3      |     0.1     | 0.156230376400943  |      1      | float |
    INFO - 14:41:59: +----------+-------------+--------------------+-------------+-------+
    INFO - 14:41:59: *** MDO Scenario run terminated in 0:00:01.107245 ***

{'algo': 'SLSQP', 'max_iter': 10}

Post-process scenario

Lastly, we post-process the scenario by means of the ParallelCoordinates plot which parallel coordinates plots among design variables, objective function and constraints.

Tip

Each post-processing method requires different inputs and offers a variety of customization options. Use the API function get_post_processing_options_schema() to print a table with the options for any post-processing algorithm. Or refer to our dedicated page: Options for Post-processing algorithms.

scenario.post_process("ParallelCoordinates", save=False, show=False)
# Workaround for HTML rendering, instead of ``show=True``
plt.show()
  • Design variables history colored by '-y_4'  value
  • Objective function and constraints history colored by '-y_4' value

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.527 seconds)

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