gemseo / mda

# gauss_seidel module¶

A Gauss Seidel algorithm for solving MDAs.

class gemseo.mda.gauss_seidel.MDAGaussSeidel(disciplines, name=None, max_mda_iter=10, grammar_type='JSONGrammar', tolerance=1e-06, linear_solver_tolerance=1e-12, warm_start=False, use_lu_fact=False, over_relax_factor=1.0, coupling_structure=None, log_convergence=False, linear_solver='DEFAULT', linear_solver_options=None)[source]

An MDA analysis based on the Gauss-Seidel algorithm.

This algorithm is an iterative technique to solve the linear system:

$Ax = b$

by decomposing the matrix $$A$$ into the sum of a lower triangular matrix $$L_*$$ and a strictly upper triangular matrix $$U$$.

The new iterate is given by:

$x_{k+1} = L_*^{-1}(b-Ux_k)$
Parameters
• disciplines (Sequence[MDODiscipline]) – The disciplines from which to compute the MDA.

• name (str | None) –

The name to be given to the MDA. If None, use the name of the class.

By default it is set to None.

• max_mda_iter (int) –

The maximum iterations number for the MDA algorithm.

By default it is set to 10.

• grammar_type (str) –

The type of the input and output grammars, either MDODiscipline.JSON_GRAMMAR_TYPE or MDODiscipline.SIMPLE_GRAMMAR_TYPE.

By default it is set to JSONGrammar.

• tolerance (float) –

The tolerance of the iterative direct coupling solver; the norm of the current residuals divided by initial residuals norm shall be lower than the tolerance to stop iterating.

By default it is set to 1e-06.

• linear_solver_tolerance (float) –

The tolerance of the linear solver in the adjoint equation.

By default it is set to 1e-12.

• warm_start (bool) –

Whether the second iteration and ongoing start from the previous coupling solution.

By default it is set to False.

• use_lu_fact (bool) –

Whether to store a LU factorization of the matrix when using adjoint/forward differentiation. to solve faster multiple RHS problem.

By default it is set to False.

• over_relax_factor (float) –

The relaxation coefficient, used to make the method more robust, if 0<over_relax_factor<1 or faster if 1<over_relax_factor<=2. If over_relax_factor =1., it is deactivated.

By default it is set to 1.0.

• coupling_structure (MDOCouplingStructure | None) –

The coupling structure to be used by the MDA. If None, it is created from disciplines.

By default it is set to None.

• log_convergence (bool) –

Whether to log the MDA convergence, expressed in terms of normed residuals.

By default it is set to False.

• linear_solver (str) –

The name of the linear solver.

By default it is set to DEFAULT.

• linear_solver_options (Mapping[str, Any]) –

The options passed to the linear solver factory.

By default it is set to None.

classmethod activate_time_stamps()

Activate the time stamps.

For storing start and end times of execution and linearizations.

Return type

None

Add inputs against which to differentiate the outputs.

This method updates MDODiscipline._differentiated_inputs with inputs.

Parameters

inputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The input variables against which to differentiate the outputs. If None, all the inputs of the discipline are used.

By default it is set to None.

Raises

ValueError – When the inputs wrt which differentiate the discipline are not inputs of the latter.

Return type

None

This method updates MDODiscipline._differentiated_outputs with outputs.

Parameters

outputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The output variables to be differentiated. If None, all the outputs of the discipline are used.

By default it is set to None.

Raises

ValueError – When the outputs to differentiate are not discipline outputs.

Return type

None

Add a namespace prefix to an existing input grammar element.

The updated input grammar element name will be namespace+:data:~gemseo.core.namespaces.namespace_separator+name.

Parameters
• name (str) – The element name to rename.

• namespace (str) – The name of the namespace.

Add a namespace prefix to an existing output grammar element.

The updated output grammar element name will be namespace+:data:~gemseo.core.namespaces.namespace_separator+name.

Parameters
• name (str) – The element name to rename.

• namespace (str) – The name of the namespace.

Add an observer for the status.

Add an observer for the status to be notified when self changes of status.

Parameters

obs (Any) – The observer to add.

Return type

None

auto_get_grammar_file(is_input=True, name=None, comp_dir=None)

Use a naming convention to associate a grammar file to the discipline.

Search in the directory comp_dir for either an input grammar file named name + "_input.json" or an output grammar file named name + "_output.json".

Parameters
• is_input (bool) –

Whether to search for an input or output grammar file.

By default it is set to True.

• name (str | None) –

The name to be searched in the file names. If None, use the name of the discipline class.

By default it is set to None.

• comp_dir (str | Path | None) –

The directory in which to search the grammar file. If None, use the GRAMMAR_DIRECTORY if any, or the directory of the discipline class module.

By default it is set to None.

Returns

The grammar file path.

Return type

str

check_input_data(input_data, raise_exception=True)

Check the input data validity.

Parameters
• input_data (dict[str, Any]) – The input data needed to execute the discipline according to the discipline input grammar.

• raise_exception (bool) –

Whether to raise on error.

By default it is set to True.

Return type

None

check_jacobian(input_data=None, derr_approx='finite_differences', step=1e-07, threshold=1e-08, linearization_mode='auto', inputs=None, outputs=None, parallel=False, n_processes=2, use_threading=False, wait_time_between_fork=0, auto_set_step=False, plot_result=False, file_path='jacobian_errors.pdf', show=False, fig_size_x=10, fig_size_y=10, reference_jacobian_path=None, save_reference_jacobian=False, indices=None)

Check if the analytical Jacobian is correct with respect to a reference one.

If reference_jacobian_path is not None and save_reference_jacobian is True, compute the reference Jacobian with the approximation method and save it in reference_jacobian_path.

If reference_jacobian_path is not None and save_reference_jacobian is False, do not compute the reference Jacobian but read it from reference_jacobian_path.

If reference_jacobian_path is None, compute the reference Jacobian without saving it.

Parameters
• input_data (Mapping[str, ndarray] | None) –

The input values. If None, use the default input values.

By default it is set to None.

• derr_approx (str) –

The derivative approximation method.

By default it is set to finite_differences.

• step (float) –

The step for finite differences or complex step differentiation methods.

By default it is set to 1e-07.

• threshold (float) –

The acceptance threshold for the Jacobian error.

By default it is set to 1e-08.

• linearization_mode (str) –

The mode of linearization, either “direct”, “adjoint” or “auto” switch depending on dimensions of inputs and outputs.

By default it is set to auto.

• inputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The names of the inputs with respect to which to differentiate. If None, use the inputs of the MDA.

By default it is set to None.

• outputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The outputs to differentiate. If None, use all the outputs of the MDA.

By default it is set to None.

• parallel (bool) –

Whether to execute the MDA in parallel.

By default it is set to False.

• n_processes (int) –

The maximum simultaneous number of threads, if use_threading is True, or processes otherwise, used to parallelize the execution.

By default it is set to 2.

Whether to use threads instead of processes to parallelize the execution; multiprocessing will copy (serialize) all the disciplines, while threading will share all the memory. This is important to note if you want to execute the same discipline multiple times, you shall use multiprocessing.

By default it is set to False.

• wait_time_between_fork (int) –

The time waited between two forks of the process / thread.

By default it is set to 0.

• auto_set_step (bool) –

Whether to compute the optimal step for a forward first order finite differences gradient approximation.

By default it is set to False.

• plot_result (bool) –

Whether to plot the result of the validation comparing the exact and approximated Jacobians.

By default it is set to False.

• file_path (str | Path) –

The path to the output file if plot_result is True.

By default it is set to jacobian_errors.pdf.

• show (bool) –

Whether to open the figure.

By default it is set to False.

• fig_size_x (float) –

The x size of the figure in inches.

By default it is set to 10.

• fig_size_y (float) –

The y size of the figure in inches.

By default it is set to 10.

• reference_jacobian_path

The path of the reference Jacobian file.

By default it is set to None.

• save_reference_jacobian

Whether to save the reference Jacobian.

By default it is set to False.

• indices

The indices of the inputs and outputs for the different sub-Jacobian matrices, formatted as {variable_name: variable_components} where variable_components can be either an integer, e.g. 2 a sequence of integers, e.g. [0, 3], a slice, e.g. slice(0,3), the ellipsis symbol () or None, which is the same as ellipsis. If a variable name is missing, consider all its components. If None, consider all the components of all the inputs and outputs.

By default it is set to None.

Returns

Whether the passed Jacobian is correct.

Return type

bool

check_output_data(raise_exception=True)

Check the output data validity.

Parameters

raise_exception (bool) –

Whether to raise an exception when the data is invalid.

By default it is set to True.

Return type

None

classmethod deactivate_time_stamps()

Deactivate the time stamps.

For storing start and end times of execution and linearizations.

Return type

None

static deserialize(file_path)

Deserialize a discipline from a file.

Parameters

file_path (str | Path) – The path to the file containing the discipline.

Returns

The discipline instance.

Return type

MDODiscipline

execute(input_data=None)

Execute the discipline.

This method executes the discipline:

Parameters

input_data (Mapping[str, Any] | None) –

The input data needed to execute the discipline according to the discipline input grammar. If None, use the MDODiscipline.default_inputs.

By default it is set to None.

Returns

The discipline local data after execution.

Raises

RuntimeError – When residual_variables are declared but self.run_solves_residuals is False. This is not suported yet.

Return type

dict[str, Any]

get_all_inputs()

Return the local input data as a list.

The order is given by MDODiscipline.get_input_data_names().

Returns

The local input data.

Return type

list[Any]

get_all_outputs()

Return the local output data as a list.

The order is given by MDODiscipline.get_output_data_names().

Returns

The local output data.

Return type

list[Any]

get_attributes_to_serialize()

Define the names of the attributes to be serialized.

Returns

The names of the attributes to be serialized.

Return type

list[str]

static get_data_list_from_dict(keys, data_dict)

Filter the dict from a list of keys or a single key.

If keys is a string, then the method return the value associated to the key. If keys is a list of strings, then the method returns a generator of value corresponding to the keys which can be iterated.

Parameters
• keys (str | Iterable) – One or several names.

• data_dict (dict[str, Any]) – The mapping from which to get the data.

Returns

Either a data or a generator of data.

Return type

Any | Generator[Any]

get_disciplines_in_dataflow_chain()

Return the disciplines that must be shown as blocks within the XDSM representation of a chain.

By default, only the discipline itself is shown. This function can be differently implemented for any type of inherited discipline.

Returns

The disciplines shown in the XDSM chain.

Return type
get_expected_dataflow()

Return the expected data exchange sequence.

This method is used for the XDSM representation.

The default expected data exchange sequence is an empty list.

MDOFormulation.get_expected_dataflow

Returns

The data exchange arcs.

Return type
get_expected_workflow()

Return the expected execution sequence.

This method is used for the XDSM representation.

The default expected execution sequence is the execution of the discipline itself.

MDOFormulation.get_expected_workflow

Returns

The expected execution sequence.

Return type

gemseo.core.execution_sequence.LoopExecSequence

get_input_data(with_namespaces=True)

Return the local input data as a dictionary.

Parameters

with_namespaces

Whether to keep the namespace prefix of the input names, if any.

By default it is set to True.

Returns

The local input data.

Return type

dict[str, Any]

get_input_data_names(with_namespaces=True)

Return the names of the input variables.

Parameters

with_namespaces

Whether to keep the namespace prefix of the input names, if any.

By default it is set to True.

Returns

The names of the input variables.

Return type

list[str]

get_input_output_data_names(with_namespaces=True)

Return the names of the input and output variables.

Args:
with_namespaces: Whether to keep the namespace prefix of the

output names, if any.

Returns

The name of the input and output variables.

Return type

list[str]

get_inputs_asarray()

Return the local output data as a large NumPy array.

The order is the one of MDODiscipline.get_all_outputs().

Returns

The local output data.

Return type

numpy.ndarray

get_inputs_by_name(data_names)

Return the local data associated with input variables.

Parameters

data_names (Iterable[str]) – The names of the input variables.

Returns

The local data for the given input variables.

Raises

ValueError – When a variable is not an input of the discipline.

Return type

list[Any]

get_local_data_by_name(data_names)

Return the local data of the discipline associated with variables names.

Parameters

data_names (Iterable[str]) – The names of the variables.

Returns

The local data associated with the variables names.

Raises

ValueError – When a name is not a discipline input name.

Return type

Generator[Any]

get_output_data(with_namespaces=True)

Return the local output data as a dictionary.

Parameters

with_namespaces

Whether to keep the namespace prefix of the output names, if any.

By default it is set to True.

Returns

The local output data.

Return type

dict[str, Any]

get_output_data_names(with_namespaces=True)

Return the names of the output variables.

Parameters

with_namespaces

Whether to keep the namespace prefix of the output names, if any.

By default it is set to True.

Returns

The names of the output variables.

Return type

list[str]

get_outputs_asarray()

Return the local input data as a large NumPy array.

The order is the one of MDODiscipline.get_all_inputs().

Returns

The local input data.

Return type

numpy.ndarray

get_outputs_by_name(data_names)

Return the local data associated with output variables.

Parameters

data_names (Iterable[str]) – The names of the output variables.

Returns

The local data for the given output variables.

Raises

ValueError – When a variable is not an output of the discipline.

Return type

list[Any]

get_sub_disciplines()

Return the sub-disciplines if any.

Returns

The sub-disciplines.

Return type
is_all_inputs_existing(data_names)

Test if several variables are discipline inputs.

Parameters

data_names (Iterable[str]) – The names of the variables.

Returns

Whether all the variables are discipline inputs.

Return type

bool

is_all_outputs_existing(data_names)

Test if several variables are discipline outputs.

Parameters

data_names (Iterable[str]) – The names of the variables.

Returns

Whether all the variables are discipline outputs.

Return type

bool

is_input_existing(data_name)

Test if a variable is a discipline input.

Parameters

data_name (str) – The name of the variable.

Returns

Whether the variable is a discipline input.

Return type

bool

is_output_existing(data_name)

Test if a variable is a discipline output.

Parameters

data_name (str) – The name of the variable.

Returns

Whether the variable is a discipline output.

Return type

bool

static is_scenario()

Whether the discipline is a scenario.

Return type

bool

linearize(input_data=None, force_all=False, force_no_exec=False)

Execute the linearized version of the code.

Parameters
• input_data (dict[str, Any] | None) –

The input data needed to linearize the discipline according to the discipline input grammar. If None, use the MDODiscipline.default_inputs.

By default it is set to None.

• force_all (bool) –

If False, MDODiscipline._differentiated_inputs and MDODiscipline._differentiated_outputs are used to filter the differentiated variables. otherwise, all outputs are differentiated wrt all inputs.

By default it is set to False.

• force_no_exec (bool) –

If True, the discipline is not re-executed, cache is loaded anyway.

By default it is set to False.

Returns

The Jacobian of the discipline.

Return type

dict[str, dict[str, ndarray]]

notify_status_observers()

Notify all status observers that the status has changed.

Return type

None

plot_residual_history(show=False, save=True, n_iterations=None, logscale=None, filename=None, fig_size=(50.0, 10.0))

Generate a plot of the residual history.

All residuals are stored in the history; only the final residual of the converged MDA is plotted at each optimization iteration.

Parameters
• show (bool) –

Whether to display the plot on screen.

By default it is set to False.

• save (bool) –

Whether to save the plot as a PDF file.

By default it is set to True.

• n_iterations (int | None) –

The number of iterations on the x axis. If None, use all the iterations.

By default it is set to None.

• logscale (tuple[int, int] | None) –

The limits of the y axis. If None, do not change the limits of the y axis.

By default it is set to None.

• filename (str | None) –

The name of the file to save the figure. If None, use “{mda.name}_residual_history.pdf”.

By default it is set to None.

• fig_size (tuple[float, float]) –

The width and height of the figure in inches, e.g. (w, h).

By default it is set to (50.0, 10.0).

Returns

The figure, to be customized if not closed.

Return type

None

remove_status_observer(obs)

Remove an observer for the status.

Parameters

obs (Any) – The observer to remove.

Return type

None

reset_disciplines_statuses()

Reset all the statuses of the disciplines.

Return type

None

reset_statuses_for_run()

Set all the statuses to MDODiscipline.STATUS_PENDING.

Raises

ValueError – When the discipline cannot be run because of its status.

Return type

None

serialize(file_path)

Serialize the discipline and store it in a file.

Parameters

file_path (str | Path) – The path to the file to store the discipline.

Return type

None

set_cache_policy(cache_type='SimpleCache', cache_tolerance=0.0, cache_hdf_file=None, cache_hdf_node_name=None, is_memory_shared=True)

Set the type of cache to use and the tolerance level.

This method defines when the output data have to be cached according to the distance between the corresponding input data and the input data already cached for which output data are also cached.

The cache can be either a SimpleCache recording the last execution or a cache storing all executions, e.g. MemoryFullCache and HDF5Cache. Caching data can be either in-memory, e.g. SimpleCache and MemoryFullCache, or on the disk, e.g. HDF5Cache.

The attribute CacheFactory.caches provides the available caches types.

Parameters
• cache_type (str) –

The type of cache.

By default it is set to SimpleCache.

• cache_tolerance (float) –

The maximum relative norm of the difference between two input arrays to consider that two input arrays are equal.

By default it is set to 0.0.

• cache_hdf_file (str | Path | None) –

The path to the HDF file to store the data; this argument is mandatory when the MDODiscipline.HDF5_CACHE policy is used.

By default it is set to None.

• cache_hdf_node_name (str | None) –

The name of the HDF file node to store the discipline data. If None, MDODiscipline.name is used.

By default it is set to None.

• is_memory_shared (bool) –

Whether to store the data with a shared memory dictionary, which makes the cache compatible with multiprocessing.

By default it is set to True.

Return type

None

set_disciplines_statuses(status)

Set the sub-disciplines statuses.

To be implemented in subclasses.

Parameters

status (str) – The status.

Return type

None

Set the Jacobian approximation method.

Sets the linearization mode to approx_method, sets the parameters of the approximation for further use when calling MDODiscipline.linearize().

Parameters
• jac_approx_type (str) –

The approximation method, either “complex_step” or “finite_differences”.

By default it is set to finite_differences.

• jax_approx_step (float) –

The differentiation step.

By default it is set to 1e-07.

• jac_approx_n_processes (int) –

The maximum simultaneous number of threads, if jac_approx_use_threading is True, or processes otherwise, used to parallelize the execution.

By default it is set to 1.

Whether to use threads instead of processes to parallelize the execution; multiprocessing will copy (serialize) all the disciplines, while threading will share all the memory This is important to note if you want to execute the same discipline multiple times, you shall use multiprocessing.

By default it is set to False.

• jac_approx_wait_time (float) –

The time waited between two forks of the process / thread.

By default it is set to 0.

Return type

None

set_optimal_fd_step(outputs=None, inputs=None, force_all=False, print_errors=False, numerical_error=2.220446049250313e-16)

Compute the optimal finite-difference step.

Compute the optimal step for a forward first order finite differences gradient approximation. Requires a first evaluation of the perturbed functions values. The optimal step is reached when the truncation error (cut in the Taylor development), and the numerical cancellation errors (round-off when doing f(x+step)-f(x)) are approximately equal.

Warning

This calls the discipline execution twice per input variables.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numerical_differentiation and “Numerical Algorithms and Digital Representation”, Knut Morken , Chapter 11, “Numerical Differentiation”

Parameters
• inputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The inputs wrt which the outputs are linearized. If None, use the MDODiscipline._differentiated_inputs.

By default it is set to None.

• outputs (Iterable[str] | None) –

The outputs to be linearized. If None, use the MDODiscipline._differentiated_outputs.

By default it is set to None.

• force_all (bool) –

Whether to consider all the inputs and outputs of the discipline;

By default it is set to False.

• print_errors (bool) –

Whether to display the estimated errors.

By default it is set to False.

• numerical_error (float) –

The numerical error associated to the calculation of f. By default, this is the machine epsilon (appx 1e-16), but can be higher when the calculation of f requires a numerical resolution.

By default it is set to 2.220446049250313e-16.

Returns

The estimated errors of truncation and cancellation error.

Raises

ValueError – When the Jacobian approximation method has not been set.

set_residuals_scaling_options(scale_residuals_with_coupling_size=False, scale_residuals_with_first_norm=True)

Set the options for the residuals scaling.

Parameters
• scale_residuals_with_coupling_size (bool) –

Whether to activate the scaling of the MDA residuals by the number of coupling variables. This divides the residuals obtained by the norm of the difference between iterates by the square root of the coupling vector size.

By default it is set to False.

• scale_residuals_with_first_norm (bool) –

Whether to scale the residuals by the first residual norm, except if :attr:.norm0 is set by the user. If :attr:.norm0 is set to a value, it deactivates the residuals scaling by the design variables size.

By default it is set to True.

Return type

None

store_local_data(**kwargs)

Store discipline data in local data.

Parameters

**kwargs (Any) – The data to be stored in MDODiscipline.local_data.

Return type

None

APPROX_MODES = ['finite_differences', 'complex_step']
AVAILABLE_MODES = ('auto', 'direct', 'adjoint', 'reverse', 'finite_differences', 'complex_step')
AVAILABLE_STATUSES = ['DONE', 'FAILED', 'PENDING', 'RUNNING', 'VIRTUAL']
COMPLEX_STEP = 'complex_step'
FINITE_DIFFERENCES = 'finite_differences'
GRAMMAR_DIRECTORY: ClassVar[str | None] = None

The directory in which to search for the grammar files if not the class one.

HDF5_CACHE = 'HDF5Cache'
JSON_GRAMMAR_TYPE = 'JSONGrammar'
MEMORY_FULL_CACHE = 'MemoryFullCache'
N_CPUS = 2
RE_EXECUTE_DONE_POLICY = 'RE_EXEC_DONE'
RE_EXECUTE_NEVER_POLICY = 'RE_EXEC_NEVER'
SIMPLE_CACHE = 'SimpleCache'
SIMPLE_GRAMMAR_TYPE = 'SimpleGrammar'
STATUS_DONE = 'DONE'
STATUS_FAILED = 'FAILED'
STATUS_PENDING = 'PENDING'
STATUS_RUNNING = 'RUNNING'
STATUS_VIRTUAL = 'VIRTUAL'
activate_cache: bool = True

Whether to cache the discipline evaluations by default.

activate_counters: ClassVar[bool] = True

Whether to activate the counters (execution time, calls and linearizations).

activate_input_data_check: ClassVar[bool] = True

Whether to check the input data respect the input grammar.

activate_output_data_check: ClassVar[bool] = True

Whether to check the output data respect the output grammar.

all_couplings: list[str]

The names of the coupling variables.

assembly: JacobianAssembly
cache: AbstractCache

The cache containing one or several executions of the discipline according to the cache policy.

property cache_tol: float

The cache input tolerance.

This is the tolerance for equality of the inputs in the cache. If norm(stored_input_data-input_data) <= cache_tol * norm(stored_input_data), the cached data for stored_input_data is returned when calling self.execute(input_data).

Raises

ValueError – When the discipline does not have a cache.

coupling_structure: MDOCouplingStructure

The coupling structure to be used by the MDA.

data_processor: DataProcessor

A tool to pre- and post-process discipline data.

property default_inputs: dict[str, Any]

The default inputs.

Raises

TypeError – When the default inputs are not passed as a dictionary.

disciplines: Sequence[MDODiscipline]

The disciplines from which to compute the MDA.

exec_for_lin: bool

Whether the last execution was due to a linearization.

property exec_time: float | None

The cumulated execution time of the discipline.

This property is multiprocessing safe.

Raises

RuntimeError – When the discipline counters are disabled.

property grammar_type: gemseo.core.grammars.base_grammar.BaseGrammar

The type of grammar to be used for inputs and outputs declaration.

input_grammar: BaseGrammar

The input grammar.

jac: dict[str, dict[str, ndarray]]

The Jacobians of the outputs wrt inputs of the form {output: {input: matrix}}.

lin_cache_tol_fact: float

The tolerance factor to cache the Jacobian.

linear_solver: str

The name of the linear solver.

linear_solver_options: dict[str, Any]

The options of the linear solver.

linear_solver_tolerance: float

The tolerance of the linear solver in the adjoint equation.

property linearization_mode: str

The linearization mode among MDODiscipline.AVAILABLE_MODES.

Raises

ValueError – When the linearization mode is unknown.

property local_data: gemseo.core.discipline_data.DisciplineData

The current input and output data.

property log_convergence: bool

Whether to log the MDA convergence.

matrix_type: str

The type of the matrix.

max_mda_iter: int

The maximum iterations number for the MDA algorithm.

property n_calls: int | None

The number of times the discipline was executed.

This property is multiprocessing safe.

Raises

RuntimeError – When the discipline counters are disabled.

property n_calls_linearize: int | None

The number of times the discipline was linearized.

This property is multiprocessing safe.

Raises

RuntimeError – When the discipline counters are disabled.

name: str

The name of the discipline.

norm0: float | None

The reference residual, if any.

normed_residual: float

The normed residual.

output_grammar: BaseGrammar

The output grammar.

re_exec_policy: str

The policy to re-execute the same discipline.

reset_history_each_run: bool

Whether to reset the history of MDA residuals before each run.

residual_history: list

The history of MDA residuals.

residual_variables: Mapping[str, str]

The output variables mapping to their inputs, to be considered as residuals; they shall be equal to zero.

run_solves_residuals: bool

If True, the run method shall solve the residuals.

property status: str

The status of the discipline.

strong_couplings: list[str]

The names of the strong coupling variables.

time_stamps = None
tolerance: float

The tolerance of the iterative direct coupling solver

use_lu_fact: bool

Whether to store a LU factorization of the matrix.

warm_start: bool

Whether the second iteration and ongoing start from the previous solution.