Machine learning algorithm selection example

In this example we use the MLAlgoSelection class to perform a grid search over different algorithms and hyperparameter values.

from __future__ import annotations

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from gemseo.algos.design_space import DesignSpace
from gemseo.datasets.io_dataset import IODataset
from gemseo.mlearning.core.selection import MLAlgoSelection
from gemseo.mlearning.quality_measures.mse_measure import MSEMeasure

np.random.seed(54321)

Build dataset

The data are generated from the function \(f(x)=x^2\). The input data \(\{x_i\}_{i=1,\cdots,20}\) are chosen at random over the interval \([0,1]\). The output value \(y_i = f(x_i) + \varepsilon_i\) corresponds to the evaluation of \(f\) at \(x_i\) corrupted by a Gaussian noise \(\varepsilon_i\) with zero mean and standard deviation \(\sigma=0.05\).

n = 20
x = np.sort(np.random.random(n))
y = x**2 + np.random.normal(0, 0.05, n)

dataset = IODataset()
dataset.add_variable("x", x[:, None], dataset.INPUT_GROUP)
dataset.add_variable("y", y[:, None], dataset.OUTPUT_GROUP)

Build selector

We consider three regression models, with different possible hyperparameters. A mean squared error quality measure is used with a k-folds cross validation scheme (5 folds).

selector = MLAlgoSelection(
    dataset, MSEMeasure, measure_evaluation_method_name="KFOLDS", n_folds=5
)
selector.add_candidate(
    "LinearRegressor",
    penalty_level=[0, 0.1, 1, 10, 20],
    l2_penalty_ratio=[0, 0.5, 1],
    fit_intercept=[True],
)
selector.add_candidate(
    "PolynomialRegressor",
    degree=[2, 3, 4, 10],
    penalty_level=[0, 0.1, 1, 10],
    l2_penalty_ratio=[1],
    fit_intercept=[True, False],
)
rbf_space = DesignSpace()
rbf_space.add_variable("epsilon", 1, "float", 0.01, 0.1, 0.05)
selector.add_candidate(
    "RBFRegressor",
    calib_space=rbf_space,
    calib_algo={"algo": "fullfact", "n_samples": 16},
    smooth=[0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100],
)

Select best candidate

best_algo = selector.select()
print(best_algo)
RBFRegressor(epsilon=0.01, function=multiquadric, norm=euclidean, smooth=0)
   based on the SciPy library
   built from 20 learning samples

Plot results

Plot the best models from each candidate algorithm

finex = np.linspace(0, 1, 1000)
for candidate in selector.candidates:
    algo = candidate[0]
    print(algo)
    predy = algo.predict(finex[:, None])[:, 0]
    plt.plot(finex, predy, label=algo.SHORT_ALGO_NAME)
plt.scatter(x, y, label="Training points")
plt.legend()
plt.show()
plot selection
LinearRegressor(fit_intercept=True, l2_penalty_ratio=0, penalty_level=0)
   based on the scikit-learn library
   built from 20 learning samples
PolynomialRegressor(degree=2, fit_intercept=True, l2_penalty_ratio=1, penalty_level=0)
   based on the scikit-learn library
   built from 20 learning samples
RBFRegressor(epsilon=0.01, function=multiquadric, norm=euclidean, smooth=0)
   based on the SciPy library
   built from 20 learning samples

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 3.837 seconds)

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