gemseo / algos

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driver_library module

Driver library.

A driver library aims to solve an OptimizationProblem using a particular algorithm from a particular family of numerical methods. This algorithm will be in charge of evaluating the objective and constraints functions at different points of the design space, using the DriverLibrary.execute() method. The most famous kinds of numerical methods to solve an optimization problem are optimization algorithms and design of experiments (DOE). A DOE driver browses the design space agnostically, i.e. without taking into account the function evaluations. On the contrary, an optimization algorithm uses this information to make the journey through design space as relevant as possible in order to reach as soon as possible the optimum. These families are implemented in DOELibrary and OptimizationLibrary.

class gemseo.algos.driver_library.DriverDescription(algorithm_name, internal_algorithm_name, library_name='', description='', website='', handle_integer_variables=False, require_gradient=False)[source]

Bases: AlgorithmDescription

The description of a driver.

  • algorithm_name (str) –

  • internal_algorithm_name (str) –

  • library_name (str) –

    By default it is set to “”.

  • description (str) –

    By default it is set to “”.

  • website (str) –

    By default it is set to “”.

  • handle_integer_variables (bool) –

    By default it is set to False.

  • require_gradient (bool) –

    By default it is set to False.

algorithm_name: str

The name of the algorithm in GEMSEO.

handle_integer_variables: bool = False

Whether the optimization algorithm handles integer variables.

internal_algorithm_name: str

The name of the algorithm in the wrapped library.

require_gradient: bool = False

Whether the optimization algorithm requires the gradient.

class gemseo.algos.driver_library.DriverLibrary[source]

Bases: AlgorithmLibrary

Abstract class for library interfaces.

Lists available methods in the library for the proposed problem to be solved.

To integrate an optimization package, inherit from this class and put your file in gemseo.algos.doe or gemseo.algo.opt packages.

class ApproximationMode(value)

Bases: StrEnum

The approximation derivation modes.

CENTERED_DIFFERENCES = 'centered_differences'

The centered differences method used to approximate the Jacobians by perturbing each variable with a small real number.

COMPLEX_STEP = 'complex_step'

The complex step method used to approximate the Jacobians by perturbing each variable with a small complex number.

FINITE_DIFFERENCES = 'finite_differences'

The finite differences method used to approximate the Jacobians by perturbing each variable with a small real number.

class DifferentiationMethod(value)

Bases: StrEnum

The differentiation methods.

CENTERED_DIFFERENCES = 'centered_differences'
COMPLEX_STEP = 'complex_step'
FINITE_DIFFERENCES = 'finite_differences'
USER_GRAD = 'user'

Deactivate the progress bar.

Return type:


ensure_bounds(orig_func, normalize=True)[source]

Project the design vector onto the design space before execution.

  • orig_func – The original function.

  • normalize (bool) –

    Whether to use the normalized design space.

    By default it is set to True.


A function calling the original function with the input data projected onto the design space.

execute(problem, algo_name=None, eval_obs_jac=False, skip_int_check=False, **options)[source]

Execute the driver.

  • problem (OptimizationProblem) – The problem to be solved.

  • algo_name (str | None) – The name of the algorithm. If None, use the algo_name attribute which may have been set by the factory.

  • eval_obs_jac (bool) –

    Whether to evaluate the Jacobian of the observables.

    By default it is set to False.

  • skip_int_check (bool) –

    Whether to skip the integer variable handling check of the selected algorithm.

    By default it is set to False.

  • **options (DriverLibOptionType) – The options for the algorithm.


The optimization result.


ValueError – If algo_name was not either set by the factory or given as an argument.

Return type:



Finalize the iteration observer.

Return type:


get_optimum_from_database(message=None, status=None)[source]

Retrieve the optimum from the database and build an optimization.

Return type:


get_x0_and_bounds_vects(normalize_ds: bool, as_dict: Literal[False] = False) tuple[numpy.ndarray, numpy.ndarray, numpy.ndarray][source]
get_x0_and_bounds_vects(normalize_ds: bool, as_dict: Literal[True] = False) tuple[dict[str, numpy.ndarray], dict[str, numpy.ndarray], dict[str, numpy.ndarray]]

Return the initial design variable values and their lower and upper bounds.

  • normalize_ds – Whether to normalize the design variables.

  • as_dict – Whether to return dictionaries instead of NumPy arrays.


The initial values of the design variables, their lower bounds, and their upper bounds.

init_iter_observer(max_iter, message='...')[source]

Initialize the iteration observer.

It will handle the stopping criterion and the logging of the progress bar.

  • max_iter (int) – The maximum number of iterations.

  • message (str) –

    The message to display at the beginning.

    By default it is set to “…”.


ValueError – If max_iter is lower than one.

Return type:



Iterate the progress bar, implement the stop criteria.


x_vect (ndarray | None) – The design variables values. If None, use the values of the last iteration.


MaxTimeReached – If the elapsed time is greater than the maximum execution time.

Return type:



Check if a driver requires the gradient.


driver_name (str) – The name of the driver.


Whether the driver requires the gradient.

Return type:


EQ_TOLERANCE = 'eq_tolerance'
EVAL_OBS_JAC_OPTION = 'eval_obs_jac'
INEQ_TOLERANCE = 'ineq_tolerance'
MAX_TIME = 'max_time'
NORMALIZE_DESIGN_SPACE_OPTION = 'normalize_design_space'
ROUND_INTS_OPTION = 'round_ints'
USE_DATABASE_OPTION = 'use_database'
USE_ONE_LINE_PROGRESS_BAR: ClassVar[bool] = False

Whether to use a one line progress bar.

activate_progress_bar: ClassVar[bool] = True

Whether to activate the progress bar in the optimization log.

algo_name: str | None

The name of the algorithm used currently.

descriptions: dict[str, AlgorithmDescription]

The description of the algorithms contained in the library.

internal_algo_name: str | None

The internal name of the algorithm used currently.

It typically corresponds to the name of the algorithm in the wrapped library if any.

opt_grammar: JSONGrammar | None

The grammar defining the options of the current algorithm.

problem: Any | None

The problem to be solved.

Examples using DriverLibrary

Change the seed of a DOE

Change the seed of a DOE